Work-study money flatlines after stimulus boost

Students nationally participate in federal work-study programs to help pay for college, like these women at the University of Missouri. In Colorado, a growing number of students are seeking a limited number of work-study jobs.

While it may not seem like much, Red Rocks Community College student Neal Porter says he got more than just the $8.75 hourly wage at his work-study job in the school’s financial aid office.

The 21-year-old, who lives at home to save money, got an insider’s view of the complicated world of financial aid that he believes will help him enormously when he transfers to the University of Denver and pursues a pre-med track. He made close friends. It was only a tad less than he earned working at Water World over the summer and he didn’t risk sunburn. He spent the money he earned on gas, his cell phone bill and food.

“It’s a great opportunity,” Porter said. “They work around your schedule, and give you time off for finals if you need it. It gave me independence, which is kind of nice.”

The community college, in turn, received low-cost staffing help, mostly paid for by state and federal dollars.

But Porter was among about 55 students told to leave their part-time work-study jobs earlier than they wanted to this semester because the college ran out of money for the program. He was able to tap into another hourly student employment program, but the lack of adequate work-study dollars to meet student demand is a growing concern statewide, financial aid officials say.

The pool of state dollars available for work-study programs has grown 16 percent over the past decade, from $14.3 million in 1999-2000 to $16.6 million this academic year, but state and federal work-study dollars have stagnated for the past five — despite growing numbers of students with demonstrated financial need who are interested in working their way through school. While the average work-study award increased 8.5 percent from 2004 to 2009, to $2,160, the number of work-study students is now essentially the same as it was six years ago, up to  8,360 from 8,278 in 2004.

Work-study makes up 16 percent of the state’s financial aid pool, with most of that pool – or 71 percent – going for need-based aid. The cash-strapped state of Colorado has no plans to increase the amount of work-study money in fiscal 2011 despite wait lists reported at many public colleges universities.

“In order to expand it, something else would have to be reduced unless we find a funding source,” said Celina Duran, financial aid administrator for the Colorado Department of Higher Education. “The state has restored cuts that were made to work-study during the last recession and with the current downturn there has not been an opportunity to increase it. Work-study is particularly in demand during an economic downturn.”

Stimulus funds help, but not enough

President Obama increased federal dollars available for work-study – which encourage work in community service areas or fields tied to the student’s major  – through one-time stimulus funding, which helped a few more students get jobs this year. But the money won’t last. And some schools didn’t get a dime of it.

The University of Colorado at Colorado Springs would have seen its federal allocation cut if not for federal stimulus dollars, but the net amount of federal funding did not increase this year. UCCS staff had to jump through many bureaucratic hoops to keep the funding it has by reclassifying its existing federal work-study money, said Mark Hoffman, the campus’s student employment and AmeriCorps coordinator.

In Colorado, more work-study dollars come from the state than the federal government. At least a quarter of it comes from the institutions themselves.

UCCS is one of the fastest growing campuses in Colorado, with enrollment that rose 7.1 percent this spring over a year ago, bringing its total enrollment to 8,500 students. Work-study funding has grown only 10 percent over the past decade and isn’t coming close to meeting student need, Hoffman said.

“The people that come to our school are people that need some financial assistance,” Hoffman said. “We have a high percentage of students with Pell Grant eligibility.”

About 500 students hold work-study jobs, but the campus “could easily award triple that amount,” he said.

“We’re cutting off students with an (expected family contribution) of $2,000,” Hoffman said. “That’s a lot of need. We didn’t get halfway through the Pell Grant people before we ran out of work-study. We have a population that is willing to work and wants to work.”

UCCS students who do have work-study tend to work an average of 15 hours per week at $9 per hour. The school tries to award $2,000 per semester, but that’s down from $2,250. Tuition and fees this year totaled $6,470; but cost of attendance, which includes housing, books and other expenses, is $21,792.

The campus received $577,539 from the state this year for its work-study program and $458,381 from the federal government. Hoffman said his office alone hires 20 to 30 work-study students every year.

“We literally could not get our work done without them,” he said.

Red Rocks pulls the plug early on some work-study students

Red Rocks Financial Aid Director Linda Crook said the school received $26,000 in additional federal stimulus dollars for work-study this year, which paid for five additional students in the program. The state kicks in $309,066 to Red Rocks, while federal funding is $150,000.

“Generally, we have about 110 students working on campus, from the cafeteria to the media area setting up projectors for instructors,” Crook said. “They might work in admissions, financial aid and advising, or as dispatchers for the police. They’re everywhere on campus. We have lots of jobs that could be work-study if there was funding.”

This year, Red Rocks had a wait list of about 180 people who “would have liked to do work-study and were eligible” – up from a typical wait list of 100 students.

“People on the list are coming in every week to see where they are on it,” Crook said. “Sometimes, students quit the job mid-semester. Now, they’re not quitting the jobs. They need the funds.”

Crook is a major proponent of work-study as opposed to grants.

“People are working for it. You’re actually a getting a service as opposed to free money.”

Typically, Red Rocks has some work-study money set aside so it can extend work hours for students who max out their allotment before the semester ends. This spring, that wasn’t possible.

“We had to switch to where the department was paying them or they had to quit their jobs,” Crook said.

The University of Northern Colorado has about 600 work-study students. So far, UNC has been able to keep up with student demand, UNC spokesman Nate Haas said. Generally, work-study awards total $3,000 per year and students must not work more than 40 hours per week. The Greeley campus received an additional $35,000 in stimulus funding this year, bringing the total in federal dollars to $400,000. State funding totaled $1.1 million.

The Metropolitan State College of Denver, meanwhile, received the largest allocation of state work-study dollars of all Colorado campuses this year, or $1.9 million. Its federal funding totaled just over $754,758. About 480 Metro students are earning it. The maximum allowable is $2,500 per semester.

“We always could use more work-study since we typically have a wait list of around 250 students,” Metro’s Director of Financial Aid Cindy Hejl said.

Front Range’s work-study coffers also depleted

Front Range Community College is also experiencing a surge in work-study applications, said Collegewide Financial Aid Director Carolee Goldsmith. This year, Front Range received an additional $66,000 in stimulus funding and $21,000 through FEMA because of the tornado that ripped through Windsor two years ago, bringing the federal work-study total to $300,000. The college also received $752,359 from the state. About 500 students participate in the program across Front Range’s Fort Collins, Boulder and Westminster campuses.

“We’re still going to run out of work-study funding for the summer term,” Goldsmith said. “As an institution, we have decided to continue funding students but we’re going to be funding them through the institution.”

That means Front Range will divert $115,000 from its general fund to continue work-study this summer.

Goldsmith said she is fielding calls every week from students who have recently been laid off or been out of work for a while “wanting to come back to be retrained.”

“They’re looking for different types of funding,” Goldsmith said. “You can’t really put a price tag on (work-study). I think students gain not only work experience, especially if they’re working in a department that’s going to keep tabs on them, I think they are more likely to succeed if they have that connection to the campus.”

Colorado Work-Study Allocations by Fiscal Year

2010: $16,612,357

2009: $16,280,110

2008: $14,884,300

2007: $15,003,374

2006: $15,003,372

2005: $15,030,062

2004: $16,612,357

2003: $15,359,754

2002: $14,811,367

2001: $14,248,944

defensor escolar

Memphis parent advocacy group trains first Spanish-speaking cohort

PHOTO: Caroline Bauman
Manuela Martinez (center left) and Lidia Sauceda (center right) are among 19 parents in the first Spanish-speaking class of Memphis Lift’s Public Advocate Fellowship.

Manuela Martinez doesn’t want Spanish-speaking families to get lost in the fast-changing education landscape in Memphis as the city’s Hispanic population continues to grow.

The mother of two students is among 19 parents in the first Spanish-speaking class of Memphis Lift’s Public Advocate Fellowship, a program that trains parents on local education issues.

“We want to be more informed,” said Martinez, whose children attend Shelby County Schools. “I didn’t know I had much of voice or could change things at my child’s school. But I’m learning a lot about schools in Memphis, and how I can be a bigger part.”

More than 200 Memphians have gone through the 10-week fellowship program since the parent advocacy group launched two years ago. The vast majority have been African-Americans.

The first Spanish-speaking cohort is completing a five-week program this month and marks a concerted effort to bridge racial barriers, said Sarah Carpenter, the organization’s executive director.

“Our mission is to make the powerless parent powerful …,” she said.

The city’s mostly black public schools have experienced a steady growth in Hispanic students since 1992 when only 286 attended the former Memphis City Schools. In 2015, the consolidated Shelby County Schools had 13,816 Hispanic children and teens, or 12.3 percent of the student population.

Lidia Sauceda came to Memphis from Mexico as a child; now she has two children who attend Shelby County Schools. Through Memphis Lift, she is learning about how to navigate Tennessee’s largest district in behalf of her family.

PHOTO: Caroline Bauman
Hispanic parents attend a training with the Memphis Lift fellowship program.

“Latinos are afraid of talking, of standing up,” Sauceda said. “They’re so afraid they’re not going to be heard because of their legal status. But I will recommend this (fellowship) to parents. How do we want our kids to have a better education if we can’t dedicate time?”

The training includes lessons on local school options, how to speak publicly at a school board meeting, and how to advocate for your children if you believe they are being treated unfairly.

The first fellowship was led by Ian Buchanan, former director of community partnership for the state-run Achievement School District. Now the program is taught in-house, and the Spanish-speaking class is being led this month by Carmelita Hernandez, an alumna.

“No matter what language we speak, we want a high-quality education for our kids just like any other parent,” Hernandez said. “A good education leads to better opportunities.”

Stopping summer slide

On National Summer Learning Day, Memphis takes stock of programs for kids

PHOTO: Helen Carefoot
Torrence Echols, a rising first-grader in Memphis, builds a tower with giant legos at the Benjamin L. Hooks Library on National Summer Learning Day.

When it comes to summer learning, it’s been a better year for Memphis, where a range of new programs have helped to stem learning loss that hits hard in communities with a high number of low-income students.

On Thursday, Mayor Jim Strickland celebrated that work in conjunction with National Summer Learning Day and against the backdrop of the children’s reading room of the city’s main library.

He estimated that 10,000 children and teens are being reached this summer through learning programs spearheaded through Shelby County Schools, Literacy Mid-South, Memphis Public Libraries, churches and nonprofit organizations across the community.

That’s a record-breaking number, Strickland says, in a city with a lot of students struggling to meet state and local reading targets.

Summer learning loss, also known as summer slide, is the tendency for students to lose some of the knowledge and skills they gained during the school year. It’s a large contributor to the achievement gap, since children from low-income families usually don’t get the same summer enrichment opportunities as their more affluent peers. Compounded year after year, the gap widens to the point that, by fifth grade, many students can be up to three years behind in math and reading.

But this summer for the first time, Shelby County Schools offered summer learning academies across the city for students most in need of intervention. And Memphis also received a slice of an $8.5 million state grant to provide summer literacy camps at nine Memphis schools through Tennessee’s Read to be Ready initiative.

Literacy Mid-South used Thursday’s event to encourage Memphians to “drop everything and read!”

The nonprofit, which is providing resources this summer through about 15 organizations in Greater Memphis, is challenging students to log 1,400 minutes of summertime reading, an amount that research shows can mitigate learning loss and even increase test scores.

Reading is a problem for many students in Memphis and across Tennessee. Less than a third of third-graders in Shelby County Schools read on grade level, and the district is working to boost that rate to 90 percent by 2025 under its Destination 2025 plan.

The city of Memphis, which does not fund local schools, has made Memphis Public Libraries the focal point of its education work. This summer, the library is offering programs on everything from STEM and robotics to art and test prep.

Parents are a critical component, helping their kids to take advantage of books, programs and services that counter the doldrums of summer learning.

Soon after the mayor left the Benjamin L. Hooks Library on Thursday, Tammy Echols arrived with her son, Torrence, a rising first-grader at Levi Elementary School. Echols said they visit regularly to read books and do computer and math games.

“We always do a lot of reading and we’re working on learning sight words,” Echols said as she watched her son build a tower out of giant Lego blocks. “Torrence is a learning child and it’s easy to forget what you just learned if you’re not constantly reinforcing.”

You can find summer learning resources for families from the National Summer Learning Association.