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Reading list: How Colorado could improve college access for students

A college graduate with a blue cap and gown stands in a photograph. The photo captures the back of the graduate’s head, featuring the blue cap, against a dark room. The graduate faces a stage.

Graduates line up to receive their degrees during a ceremony at the Metropolitan State University of Denver.

AAron Ontiveroz / The Denver Post

May 18 higher ed panelists

Chalkbeat Colorado and Young Invincibles are hosting a conversation on May 18, 4 p.m. MT to talk about what’s getting in the way of Colorado students going to college and graduating — and what’s working to get them across the finish line. RSVP to hear from:
  • Jason Gonzales, the higher education and legislative matters reporter for Chalkbeat Colorado
  • Nicole Cappellino, a first-generation Colombian student studying criminal justice at the University of Colorado Denver
  • Nathan Cadena, Denver Scholarship Foundation’s chief operating officer
  • Cecilia M. Orphan, an associate professor of higher education at the University of Denver and director of partnerships for the Alliance for Research on Regional Colleges
  • Malcom Lovejoy, a senior at Campo High School who is preparing to attend Rice University this fall after graduation
  • Will Simpkins, vice president for student affairs at Metropolitan State University of Denver
  • Luis Borrego-Castaneda, graduating student from Colorado School of Mines


Colorado is a highly educated state but doesn’t send enough of its own high school graduates to college. And fewer students of color and those from rural communities hold advanced degrees.

Chalkbeat Colorado launched its higher education coverage in 2020. Building off our reporting, we want to host a conversation about the “two Colorados.” What are the barriers preventing students, especially students of color or those from rural backgrounds, from getting to and through higher education? What do students and educators want to see change? What are the success stories that Colorado can learn from?

During a May 17 discussion hosted by Chalkbeat Colorado and Young Invincibles, students, experts, and educators will speak about their suggestions for bettering access to Colorado higher education. Read on for Chalkbeat’s reading list for event attendees and anyone who wants to better understand how these issues are playing out in Colorado schools and beyond.

We hope you find these compiled stories helpful. Do you have any remaining questions? Or story ideas for us? Reach out at co.tips@chalkbeat.org. And want to stay up-to-date on all of the most important higher education news? Sign up for our Beyond High School newsletter.

Rural Colorado students go to college at low rates. One tiny school goes against the trend.

A train passes a small brick station in Fowler, Colorado, seen behind a green fence.

A train passes a small brick station in Fowler, Colorado.

Mark Reis for Chalkbeat

Fewer than half of rural Colorado’s high school graduates go to college, a rate that’s about five percentage points below the state average. 

The reasons are complex. College can feel far away, geographically and culturally. Colleges sometimes haven’t done enough to make degrees feel relevant to the interests and experiences of rural Coloradans. The cost can deter students unsure if college will improve their earnings. College recruiters don’t often stop at rural high schools.

Tiny Fowler, with its lone high school of about 110 students, shows how rural communities can use a partnership among educators, parents, and the broader community to foster the idea that college degrees will contribute to success — whether graduates return to Fowler or move to a bigger city. 

Read more in our story.

Two Hispanic brothers wanted to go to college in Colorado. Here’s why only one made it.

Two brothers relax at their dining room table after dinner. Both have their heads down and look exhausted following a long day.

Jimy Hernandez and his younger brother, Luis relax at the dinner table at their home in Denver.

Eli Imadali for Chalkbeat

Jimy and Luis Hernandez are two brothers who both aspired to attend college one day. Only one of them pursued higher education after high school. The brothers’ divergent paths highlight how Colorado’s, and the nation’s, college system produces unequal results — even within the same family.

And even if they do get to campus, Hispanic men may find not many people share their experiences and understand their challenges. Fewer than one in 10 tenured professors are Hispanic, which is important in making students feel welcome and in helping them connect with mentors who can guide them. 

Read more in our story.

Colorado graduates Hispanic men at low rates — but it can improve

Students congregate in a student center, tables reflected off of a pane of glass in the building’s second level. A Colorado State University logo hangs above the columns connecting the two levels.

Schools like Adams State University, Colorado State University of Pueblo, the University of Colorado Denver, and MSU Denver have been designated Hispanic Serving Institutions.

Eli Imadali for Chalkbeat

Hispanic men go to college at the lowest rates of any student group in Colorado, and all the factors that make it hard for them to get to campus — tight budgets, family obligations, unclear pathways, and few mentors — follow them through college. 

These outcomes are not inevitable. Around the country, a few institutions have nearly eliminated these gaps by developing systems that catch students before they stumble, rewarding professors for doing more to connect with students, and creating communities that embrace students on campus. The efforts start with a clear message from leaders that this work is a priority and not an afterthought or an extra. 

Read more in our story

A Denver scholarship foundation wanted to know how to help Hispanic men get to college. Here’s what it found

Students sit at their desks, listen and take notes during a class lecture.

Students sit during a class at the Metropolitan State University of Denver.

Eli Imadali for Chalkbeat

What barriers do Hispanic men face getting to and graduating from college?

That’s the question Denver Scholarship Foundation leaders asked Hispanic men about their challenges. They variously listed a lack of funds, information, support, and individual attention, plus family responsibilities.

Hispanic men who did graduate reported having family support. Or they decided to continue with college despite the costs, and had teachers or mentors who saw their potential. They benefited from encouragement from an early age.

Read more in our story.

How Colorado could get more students to complete FAFSA

A woman sits at a desk looking at a desktop computer, while a man wearing a knapsack stands behind her also looking at the screen. Pennants of colleges and universities decorate a wall in the background.

Yvvonne Burrell and Sir Martin look at scholarship information in the Future Center during a school day at Manual High School. The Future Center provides the students a place to receive information about financial aid, scholarships and colleges.

AAron Ontiveroz / The Denver Post

FAFSA opens up the possibility for students to gain scholarships and federal grants to pay for the cost of college, and every year Colorado students leave about $30 million in federal financial aid unclaimed. A report by 20 experts calls for nearly doubling the FAFSA completion rate to 80%, from 45% — or to at least move into the top 10% of all states in the measure. 

The report recommends the state offer grants for student aid counselors, beef up marketing to spread the message about the benefits of FAFSA, partner with organizations to help students complete the FAFSA, incorporate FAFSA into student academic plans, and eventually add FAFSA completion as a graduation requirement.

Colorado lawmakers took up some of these recommendations in House Bill 1366, which passed with bipartisan support. The bill calls for online tools to make filling out the financial aid form easier and ensures students know about the financial aid form as part of their individualized career and academic plan. 

Read more in our story.

Caroline Bauman connects Chalkbeat journalists with our readers as the community engagement manager and previously reported at Chalkbeat Tennessee. Connect with Caroline at cbauman@chalkbeat.org.

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