Video and audio clips are at the bottom of this story.
Colorado’s bid for $377 million in federal Race to the Top education stimulus funds was strong enough to land it among the 16 finalists, U.S. Secretary of Education Arne Duncan announced Thursday morning.
Duncan said Colorado, Delaware, Washington, D.C., Florida, Georgia, Illinois, Kentucky, Louisiana, Massachusetts, New York, North Carolina, Ohio, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, South Carolina and Tennessee made the finalist cut. Forty states and the District of Columbia applied. Colorado is the only western state selected.
More states were named finalists than many observers had expected. The states named Thursday will be invited to Washington the week of March 15 to make presentations. States that don’t make the cut can apply in a second round later this year.
Meeting with reporters about an hour after the announcement, Lt. Gov. Barbara O’Brien and Education Commissioner Dwight Jones were understandably upbeat.
“We are absolutely thrilled to be considered one of the top states in the country,” said O’Brien, who helped lead the state’s effort. But, she added, “We’re very aware that all we’ve done so far is make the first cut.”
O’Brien also praised the state’s collaborative approach in developing the application, which has been questioned by some observers.
“We think we’re one of the states that really has the highest likelihood of successfully implementing our plan because of the broad public input process we had. … If what’s right for Colorado ends up being what’s right in the eyes of Washington, it will be a huge win-win.”
Jones, noting that R2T “is a difficult, competitive process,” added, “We know we still have a lot of work to do. I’m very optimistic. … No matter what the outcome of the competition, we still plan to continue with Colorado reforms.”
O’Brien announced that Gov. Bill Ritter has named the members of the Educator Effectiveness Council that will develop a proposal for a new teacher evaluation and tenure system. This is the piece of the state’s R2T plan that has been criticized by some who want a faster pace of reform on this issue. (List of council members.)
“We are committed to streamlining and modernizing our teacher effectiveness system,” O’Brien said. “The idea will be to figure out what we need in rules and state policy” concerning educator evaluation.
She said teacher evaluations and student performance will be tied to compensation, retention, promotion and tenure. “I think we’re going to have a very finely tuned performance management system in our districts.”
O’Brien said state officials hadn’t yet learned how Colorado’s application was scored nor the details of the presentation process in Washington later this month.
“We are cautiously optimistic. Now the hard work of explaining our proposal in detail will begin,” she said.
R2T has been the focus of state policymakers’ attention for months. One lawmaker called it the “golden ticket” for solving the state’s school problems; other officials have tried to subtly downplay expectations.
The competition required states to detail how they would use the money in four broad policy areas:
- Standards and testing that prepare students for college and work.
- Data systems that measure student growth and success and help educators improve teaching.
- Recruitment, development, rewarding and retaining effective teachers and principals, especially in the most challenged schools.
- Turnaround plans for the lowest-performing schools.
Applicants were graded on a 500-point scoring system by outside judges hired by the U.S. Department of Education. The interviews can move that total score up or down. But the final decisions rest with Duncan.
Colorado education leaders have long felt recent education reforms have positioned the state reasonably well for the competition, except in the area of educator effectiveness.
In contrast to some states, which pushed through new laws on teacher preparation, evaluation and tenure, the Ritter administration as part of the application instead opted to create the Council for Educator Effectiveness that will develop a proposed new educator evaluation system, based at least 50 percent on student performance.
The administration has defended that strategy as a “consensus” approach more likely to create sustainable reforms because of the involvement of a wide spectrum of interests, including teachers unions.
Sen. Michael Johnston, D-Denver, had been working on comprehensive evaluation and tenure reform legislation before Ritter’s plan was announced. He says he still plans to introduce a bill but said Wednesday it might not happen for several weeks.
Much of what Colorado proposes would pay the costs of implementing previously approved but unfunded education reforms such as the Colorado Achievement Plan for Kids. The state proposes to use the $377 million in these ways:
- Implementation costs – $21.5 million
- Rollout of and training in new standards and in use of data – $23.8 million
- Subsidies and incentives for schools to acquire new instructional materials and formative assessments – $18.6 million
- Review of and partial subsidies for new interim assessments – $8.6 million
- Improved state data capture of district information and a statewide enrollment system – $24.4 million
- Other data improvements, including data on educator effectiveness – $52.5 million
- Colorado Center for Educator Excellence – $5.7 million
- Office of Educator Effectiveness to help districts – $4.5 million
- Governor’s Council for Educator Effectiveness – $605,000
- Rollout of new evaluation systems in districts – $67.8 million
- Increase the number of Teach for America teachers in Colorado in low-performing schools – $24.5 million
- Incentive grants for highly effective educators – $2.6 million
- Grants for high quality teacher preparation programs – $6 million
- School Leadership Academy – $7.3 million
- Increased enrollment in Advanced Placement courses – $8.2 million
- Grants to districts to develop alternative compensation plans – $5.5 million
- Aid to teachers to gain expertise in high-needs subject areas – $5 million
- Colorado Turnaround Center – $41.4 million
- CDE Turnaround Office – $4.8 million
- Innovation Acceleration Grant Program to develop school turnaround strategies – $6 million
- Undesignated grants to districts for implementation of various reforms – $37 million
The R2T process required formal sign-on by school districts (known as “local education agencies”) if they want to receive funds from the program. Half of total funding is to go to districts. In Colorado, 134 of 178 districts signed on, representing 94 percent of state students, including 94 percent of free and reduced lunch students and 95 percent of minority students.
Leading up to the announcement, state leaders have been measured in their comments about Colorado’s chances. O’Brien has repeatedly said that Colorado will apply for the second round of R2T if necessary and that the plan will provide a blueprint for future education initiatives even if Colorado doesn’t garner any federal money.
While R2T has received most of the attention, it’s only part of the total education funding that state has received, or is eligible for, under other programs of the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act.
For example, some $620 million has been used to shore up the budgets of state colleges and universities and nearly $270 million is available to school districts under various pre-existing federal formulas. The bulk of that money is for Title I and special education programs. (More information from CDE on other education stimulus programs.)
R2T funding, which will be spread out over multiple budget years, also is small in the context of total annual K-12 spending in Colorado, which this year is about $5.7 billion in state and local funds.
Members of the Council for Educator Effectiveness
- Colorado Department of Education: Nina Lopez, Special Assistant to Education Commissioner
- Colorado Department of Higher Education: Lorrie Shepard, Dean, School of Education, University of Colorado – Boulder
- Teachers: Shelly Genereax of Brighton School District 27J, Kerrie Dallman of Jefferson County Public Schools, Amie Baca-Oehlert of Adams District 12, Nikkie Felix of Aurora Public Schools
- Public School Administrators: Margaret Crespo, Principal of John Evans Middle School in Weld County, Tracy Dorland, Executive Director of Teacher Effectiveness in Denver Public Schools
- Public School Superintendent: Sandra Smyser, Superintendent of Eagle County Schools
- School Board Members: Bill Bregar of Pueblo District 70, Jo Ann Baxter of Moffat County
- Charter Schools: Colin Mullaney, Principal of Cheyenne Mountain Charter in Colorado Springs
- Public School Parent: Towanna Henderson of Denver Public Schools
- Student: Shelby Gonzales-Parker of Justice High School in Denver Public Schools
- At-Large Member: Matt Smith, Vice-President of Engineering, United Launch Alliance
Do your homework
- Archive of EdNews stories about R2T
- Summary of Colorado application
- Text of state application
- Application appendices
- CDE R2T information page
- Links to other states’ applications
- U.S. Department of Education R2T information page
EdNews video of O’Brien and Jones news conference:
Audio of today’s announcement from Colorado officials:
Video of Secretary Duncan’s announcement: